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Iran Sentences Alleged US Spies        02/18 06:14

   TEHRAN, Iran (AP) -- Iran sentenced eight environmental activists, including 
an Iranian who reportedly also has British and American citizenship, to prison 
sentences ranging from four to 10 years on charges of spying for the United 
States and acting against Iran's national security, the judiciary said Tuesday. 

   According to the judiciary spokesman, Gholamhossein Esmaili, an appeals 
court issued the final verdicts. 

   Two of the activists, Morad Tahbaz and Niloufar Bayani, got 10 years each 
and were ordered to return the money they allegedly received from the U.S. 
government for their services. 

   Tahbaz is an Iranian who also holds U.S. and British citizenship. 

   Iran does not recognize dual or multiple nationalities, meaning Iranians it 
detains cannot receive consular assistance from their other countries. In most 
cases, dual nationals have faced secret charges in closed-door hearings before 
Iran's Revolutionary Court, which handles cases involving alleged attempts to 
overthrow the government.

   Esmaili, the judiciary spokesman, said two other activists, Houman Jokar and 
Taher Ghadirian, each got eight-year sentences for allegedly "collaborating 
with the hostile government of America."

   Another three of the activists, Sam Rajabi, Sepideh Kashan Doust and 
Amirhossein Khaleghi Hamidi, were sentenced to six years in prison each. The 
eighth activist, Abdolreza Kouhpayeh, got four years. All the activists were 
arrested in early 2018.

   A ninth activist who was arrested at the time, Kavous Seyed Emami, an 
Iranian-Canadian naional, died while in custody under disputed circumstances in 
February 2018. His widow then was blocked from flying out of Iran, but later 
made it out.

   Iran is also holding others with ties to the West, including Nazanin 
Zaghari-Ratcliffe, a British-Iranian woman sentenced to five years on 
allegations of planning the "soft toppling" of Iran's government while 
traveling in Iran with her young daughter.

   Iranian businessman Siamak Namazi and his 81-year-old father Baquer, a 
former UNICEF representative who served as governor of Iran's oil-rich 
Khuzestan province under the U.S.-backed shah, both are serving 10-year prison 
sentences on espionage charges.

   Iranian-American Robin Shahini was released on bail in 2017 after staging a 
hunger strike while serving an 18-year prison sentence for "collaboration with 
a hostile government." Shahini has since returned to America and is now suing 
Iran in U.S. federal court.

   Former FBI agent Robert Levinson, who vanished in Iran in 2007 while on an 
unauthorized CIA mission, remains missing.

   Earlier this month, Iran's supreme court confirmed the death penalty for 
Amir Rahimpour, who was convicted of spying for the C.I.A. Iranian state media 
have alleged that he had shared details of the Islamic Republic's nuclear 
program with the American spy agency.

   Esmaili said at the time that Rahimpor would soon be executed.

   Iran has in the past has sentenced alleged American and Israeli spies to 
death. The last such spy executed was Shahram Amiri, who defected to the U.S. 
at the height of Western efforts to thwart Iran's nuclear program. When he 
returned in 2010, he was welcomed with flowers by government leaders and even 
went on the Iranian talk-show circuit. Then he mysteriously disappeared.

   He was hanged in August 2016, the same week that Tehran executed a group of 
militants and a year after Iran agreed to a landmark accord to limit uranium 
enrichment in exchange for the lifting of economic sanctions.

   Tensions remain high between Iran and the U.S. since President Donald Trump 
unilaterally withdrew America from Tehran's nuclear deal. A U.S. drone strike 
in January killed Iranian Revolutionary Guard Gen. Qassem Soleimani in Baghdad, 
prompting Tehran to retaliate with a ballistic missile strike on Iraqi bases 
housing American troops.


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